This is the cluster name. Thus records cannot be deleted or inserted without recreating the data set. For sequential mode processing, returns next logical record. The master catalog also contains pointers to all user catalogs and alias names. Each higher level index is written as often as possible on a track. In general, imbed alone should be used, and then only for active data sets that are allocated in cylinders and are bigger than 20 or so cylinders.
The In-Storage catalog mechanism within the Catalog Address Space is now optional and can be activated and deactivated via the modify command. This option writes all information to disk and updates all pointers. Also the use of multiple pools eases the restriction of 255 strings for each pool. However, the file remains open and processing may continue. You don't actually need to now how that happens to be able to use them. Miscellaneous Options and Parameters Erase Overwrites the data set with binary zeroes when it is deleted. Depending upon the update status, a new record is inserted or the current record is replaced.
This is only effective for files accessed via full key direct reads. Remember to increase region size if using buffering or your programs will abend. If there are a lot of splits it is important to reorganize the files to reduce the seek activity as logical and physical order will no longer be the same. Strings are always shared across all data sets. That is also the order in which they are searched. Keyranges If there is a large on-line environment it may be advisable to define data across volumes depending on Keyranges.
For keyed records, this includes the key. The rest of this section reviews these and the following sections summarize the various related parameters of file control. Better value can be obtained from the judicious choice of buffers. Deleted record slots can be reused, but you cannot have AlXes or spanned records. It is used to access files by merely using their name.
This puts ranges of keys and the data on certain packs. Then the desired record is transferred to a buffer or work-area for the program to use. Since sequential processing only uses the sequence set, then replicate is of no value for sequential processing. Seed Records Do not initialize files with a high value record as this has been shown to cause many splits. If the record to be updated does not exist, it will be added. Each level contains pointers to the next lowest level until the sequence set. Judicious use of certain parameters can cause a major variation in performance seen and can lead to dramatic improvements in response time.
It is better to allow a few buffer waits these lock out 1 user as a page fault locks out the whole region. The general recommendation is that Replicate should rarely be used and then only with Imbed. . Alternate keys do not have to be unique, whereas primary keys do. There is also a considerable investment in resources required, both human and machine time.
In general, you get more self-tuning effects by running with one large pool, but it is possible to isolate busy files from the remainder or give additional buffers to a group of high performance files by using several pools. Whenever a file is allocated to a program to be accessed, it is normally the cluster that is allocated. Does each student create new files for their project s or are existing files to be used? Only effective if the data set is currently closed. This is no longer a default as current technology is far superior to the 2314s it was initially designed to work on. Normally, you must first read the record to be updated and then replace it.
Be certain that backups and restores are synchronized though. Transactions should always be designed and programmed to avoid deadlocks. If only data buffers are specified, only one set of buffers are built and used for both data and index records. Is this work being done at some training institute or on-the-job. This is particularly important for the index. This is extremely useful for data sets with a high locality of reference and high read activity. Tuning consists of providing a satisfactory level of service from a system at an acceptable cost.
Tuning should be an ongoing process with a pre-defined methodology, not just a fix for deteriorating performance. It increases the time required for a delete and should only be used where absolute security is needed. A low value record is better. The catalog is also updated and allocation processing takes place. There are two types of Hiperbatch Hiperspaces - retained and non-retained, each one having its own method of population and deactivation.