In Bulgaria and Romania there have been significant increases in death rates from road accidents since 1994. Changes in medical practice, new technologies and more efficient allocation of resources can all affect the balance between different types of care delivery. These differences limit data comparability. Prevalence of dementia, population aged 30 years and over, 2006 % 2. In all European countries, the average length of stay in hospitals has decreased over the past decade, falling from 8. Classification systems and registration practices vary across countries, which may affect the comparability of the data.
Smoking and alcohol consumption among children. At this age, over one in ten children in a range of countries including Estonia, the United Kingdom, Lithuania, Latvia, Bulgaria, the Czech and Slovak Republics and Finland have experienced drunkenness at least twice. Large declines occurred in Turkey 47% to 27% , Luxembourg 33% to 20% , Norway 33% to 21% and Denmark 36% to 23%. Obesity more than doubled in both the Netherlands and the United Kingdom between 1988 and 2008, even though the rate in the Netherlands is currently less than half that of the United Kingdom. First, the number of multiple births, with the increased risks of pre-term births and low birth weight, has risen steadily, partly as a result of the rise in fertility treatments. Mortality rates for cervical cancer are higher in eastern European countries Figure 3.
Death rates are much higher for men than for women in all countries Figure 1. Per person figures represent the average supply available for the population as a whole, and do not necessarily indicate what is actually consumed by individuals. They include beds in general hospitals, mental health and substance abuse hospitals, and other specialty hospitals. Vaccination rates for influenza, population aged 65 and over, 1998-2008 or nearest year available 2003 51. Smoking and alcohol consumption among children. The highest prevalence rates were found in Sweden, Italy, Switzerland and Germany, where between 1.
Infant mortality rates were also relatively high more than six deaths per 1 000 live births in Latvia, Bulgaria and Malta. In addition, the development and greater availability of antiretroviral drugs, which reduce or slow down the development of the disease, led to a sharp decrease in incidence from 1996. Nonetheless, the estimated price of a knee replacement in France remained 15-20% lower than in the United States Koechlin et al. In 2008, there were about 15 professional and associate professional nurses per 1 000 population in Finland, Iceland, Ireland and Switzerland, and slightly fewer in Denmark and Norway. Based on disease registers and recent studies, the annual number of new cases of type 1 diabetes in children aged under 15 years is high at 25 or more per 100 000 population in Nordic countries Finland, Sweden and Norway Figure 1.
In general, death rates from suicides are three-tofour times greater for men than for women across the European Union, except in those countries with the highest rates, where rates are up to six times greater Figure 1. The average life expectancy at age 65 years in 2005-07 for the 27 countries of the European Union was 15. In the Netherlands and France, there are in fact more caring personnel than nurses. With the increased ageing of the population, the absolute number of people with dementia will also continue to rise, placing greater demand on national health and social systems. Reductions in Portugal, Sweden, Slovenia and Germany since 1994 are close to 60%, although vehicle kilometers travelled have increased by 2.
There is a wide variation in vaccination rates, ranging from lows of 21% in the Czech Republic and 26% in Slovenia, to over 75% in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Definition and deviations Dementia prevalence rates are based on estimates of the total number of persons living with dementia divided by the size of the corresponding population. However, the data for many countries e. Austria and France, for example, report a relatively high proportion of expenditure for in-patient care amounting to more than a third of total health spending which is associated with a high level of hospital activity. These are all countries where smoking rates among men are relatively high. Näiden paineiden purkamisessa voi olla apua terveydenhoitoalan tuottavuuden parantamisesta, esimerkiksi arvioimalla tarkkaan lääkintäteknologiaa tai lisäämällä tieto- ja viestintätekniikan käyttöä sähköinen terveydenhuolto. Survival rates and mortality rates are defined in Indicator 3.
Trends in hospital discharge rates vary widely across European countries. Seuraavaksi eniten käyttivät Sveitsi, Luxemburg ja Itävalta. As a result, there are more specialists than generalists in most countries, except Romania and Portugal. The source is the Eurostat Statistics Database. Health Care Resources, Services and Outcomes. In some countries, the share of beds allocated for psychiatric care and long-term care is much greater than the average.
The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Health at a Glance: Europe 2010 would not have been possible without the effort of national data correspondents from the 31 countries who have provided most of the data and the metadata presented in this report. Overweight and obesity among children. Since 2000, the number of physicians per capita has increased in all European countries, except the Slovak Republic. More direct links to adult health are found between physical activity in adolescence and its effect on overweight and obesity and related diseases, breast cancer rates and bone health in later life.
However, some European countries do not currently require children to be vaccinated by age 2, or do not have routine programmes, and consequently the rates for these countries are significantly lower. This includes spending by both public and private sources on medical services and goods, public health and prevention programmes, and administration. Both demand factors including an older population structure and supply factors such as the capacity to perform the intervention in hospital and outside hospital provide explanations for these cross-country variations. Countries from Southern Europe including Greece, Spain and Portugal, as well as Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary, are at the other end of the scale with rates of low birth weight infants above 7. Look for the StatLinks at the bottom right-hand corner of the tables or graphs in this book. Some populations may have lower than average birth weights than others because of genetic differences.
En Espagne, elle est passée de 8. In a number of higher-income countries, this has contributed to a leveling-off of the downward trend in infant mortality rates over the past few years. Liikalihavuuden joka on suurempi terveysriski kuin ylipainoisuus esiintyvyys vaihtelee alle 10 prosentista Romaniassa, Sveitsissä ja Italiassa yli 20 prosenttiin Yhdistyneessä kuningaskunnassa, Irlannissa, Maltalla ja Islannissa. Risk factors for low birth weight include adolescent motherhood, having a previous history of low weight births, harmful behaviours such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and poor nutrition, a low Body Mass Index, a background of low parental socio-economic status, and having in-vitro fertilisation treatment. In France, Sweden and Denmark, vaccination for hepatitis B is not required or routinely provided. The majority of suppliers growing fresh vegetables are located in Romania, Poland and Lithuania. The health effects of adolescent physical activity are sometimes dependent on the activity type, e.