In Faust in Copenhagen, he evokes the fleeting, magical moment when physics - and the world - was about to lose its innocence forever. That year was the hundredth anniversary of the death of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the passing of the man, both humanist and scientist, widely regarded as the last true universal genius. The interweaving of many lives of scientists, and the combination of private lives and scientific contributions kept the narrative interesting. It is truly remarkable how the contributions of Lise Meitner have not been fully appreciated, as well as the degree to which her commitment was tested by the prohibition of women in her field. We often do not know what of recent science will stand the test of time, but the contributions of these people will last forever. Six of them were already in the pantheon of genius while the seventh - Max Delbruck - was the author of a skit performed at the conference that lightly parodied the struggle between the old and new theories of physics and eerily foreshadowed the events that were to unfold in the struggle between peaceful uses of scientific discovery and destructive ones.
The author uses the skit as a point of departure for telling the story of the development of physics in the first third of the 20th century, vividly bringing to life the actors such as Werner Heisenberg, Lise Meitner, the brilliant Paul Dirac, and trickster George Gamow. Above all the physicists talked endlessly to one another, occasionally as rivals, but only in an intellectual sense because, in the end, they were friends and comrades. A great example of successful translation within a discipline is the time in which Faust in Copenhagen focuses, where open, respectful, and rigorous discourse among the practitioners of physics was practiced. In 1932, the so-called annus mirabilis of modern physics, a group of scientists gathered in Copenhagen for a week-long conference on the extraordinary new work that was taking place in laboratories across the world; work that would ultimately lead to the development of nuclear weapons and the ensuing international power struggles. It is interesting to explain why this is so, what it was about Bohr's persona, his behavior, his way of thinking and working, that led others to regard him with such warmth.
Een oom van de schrijver is ook natuurkundige en heeft de roemruchte bijeenkomsten in Kopenhagen meegemaakt, iets later dan de bijeenkomst die het onderwerp van dit boek is, de bijeenkomst in het jaar 1932, het normale jaar, voordat de politieke situatie in Europa verandert. However, I'm not sure how interested I would have been if I didn't have the mathematical and physical background of the material. You do have to get over the misleading title and organization of the book: the Faust thing is the thinnest of threads providing an excuse to tie the various stories together. The implicit mo Another chapter in the fascinating relationship between Bohr, Heisenberg et al. Εκεί, οι νεαροί ερευνούσαν τα μυστικά του πυρήνα, έβγαζαν εργασίες όλοι κατέληξαν νομπελίστες και περνούσαν όμορφα.
His rich legacy encompasses key advances in fields as diverse as comic rays, nuclear technology, and early computers. Another of these theoretical physicists was also much loved, though his peers would use that word guardedly. Graham Farmelo is Senior Research Fellow at the Science Museum. The story of the discovery of the neutron and the messy developments of the 1930's-1940's and beyond in nuclear physics intrude on Segre's storytelling, because Chadwick's discovery of the neutron was a major point of discussion at the 1932 meeting, and occurred before the Faust skit used as his plot vehicle. The last of the seven, Paul Ehrenfest, was perhaps the greatest teacher of them all. Interestingly enough, until I read the book I both liked it and didn't like it.
His supporting characters include Wolfgang Pauli and the five others who joined Bohr in that seminal Copenhagen meeting in April 1932 - Paul Dirac, Werner Heisenberg, Lise Meitner, Max Delbruck, and Paul Ehrenfest. Από όσα ξεκίνησαν στο Ινστιτούτο Carlsberg στην Κοπεγχάγη η συνεισφορά της μπύρας στην πυρηνική φυσική , όπου ο Νιλς Μπορ, είχε μαζέψει τη δεκαετία του '30 όλη την αφρόκρεμα της σύγχρονης φυσικής. At the same time, the academic and practical divisions between the natural and human sciences seems to be part of a systemic artifice perpetuated by cultural institutions that serve to protect distinct disciplines from interdisciplinary, and therefore competing, authorities. However, the method we use to measure or observe it determines which charactistic it will exhibit. Beginning in 1929, Niels Bohr hosted an annual gathering in Copenhagen for his fellow physicists, where they shared their latest work in the new theory of quantum mechanics. The questioning has not ceased.
The Lord was played by a character wearing a mask of the face of Niels Bohr, who shook with laughter when Mephistopheles intoned: Since you, O Lord, yourself have now seen fit To visit us and see how each behaves, And since it seems you favour me a bit, Well — now you see me here among the slaves. Older guys like Bohr, Einstein, Planck, etc. It also eerily prefigures many of the personal problems the physicists, young and old, would encounter in the years to come. Large-scale experiments now became common. That congeniality was shattered by the ascent to power in Germany of Adolf Hitler in January 1933. It is not based on relative intellectual contributions, for Einstein's were certainly far greater than Bohr's. He made others feel needed because he did need them.
I really enjoyed learning the history of the development of quantum mechanics as I was going through the derivation of equations and learning the material. This new theory changed the way we think about the sub-atomic world, about determinism and about the very nature of knowledge. Written with Bettina Hoerlin, The Pope of Physics explores the life and career of Enrico Fermi. This singular time was epitomized by the few individuals gathering for a weeklong meeting in a Copenhagen room in April 1932. Applied to scales at eye level, the notion that the future cannot be predicted with any certainty because it is impossible to describe the present without ambiguity reinforces the idea that time operates outside of conventional notions of linearity. This book was definitely enjoyable for someone with an interest in quantum mechanics.
Pauli might insult you, but he never ignored you, and the biting remarks directed at you became a kind of badge of honor, remembered and told to friends. Εξάλλου, αν φτιάξουν οι Γερμανοί τη βόμβα, θα τους σκοτώσουν. Capturing the interplay between the great scientists as well as the discoveries they discussed and debated, Segrè evokes the moment when physics—and the world—was about to lose its innocence. This point was not lost on the older physicists of the 1930s, who realized there was too much knowledge to allow one to become a genius across the entire discipline of physics. Pursued with enthusiasm and considerable a career as a high-energy elementary particle theorist with a side interest in astrophysics.
They were the writers and producers of the parody as well as its actors. While theory's advances in understanding quantum physics had dominated the decade before the meeting, advances achieved in the laboratory marked the immediate period after it. Interesting framing of exiciting times and personalities. Yet it is a term that appears again and again in memoirs when physicists speak of Bohr. The skit, meant as comic relief from the intensity of the week's discussions, remains a fascinating portrayal of the world of physics seen through the eyes of its very young practitioners. De rol van Einstein was problematisch.
In April of that year, about forty of the world's leading physicists--including Werner Heisenberg, Lise Meitner, and Paul Dirac--came to Niels Bohr's Copenhagen Institute for their annual informal meeting about the frontiers of physics. The reader will thoroughly enjoy the interactions of those who regularly met in Copenhagen under the guiding hand of Niels Bohr in a quest to legitimize the emerging field of quantum mechanics. On the other hand, the discovery just before the meeting of the neutron and, a few months later, the first experimentally induced nuclear disintegration ushered in another revolution in physics, introducing us to the era of nuclear physics. It's just a fact that quantum mechanics and nuclear physics are hard to understand, but Segré makes it easy to appreciate the science and people behind the developments of those disciplines. Fermi berekende de kracht van de eerste atoombom ontploffing door wat papiersnippers in de lucht te gooien en de afstand te meten die deze aflegden onder invloed van de drukgolf. He forms an interesting contrast to Bohr because while Bohr was invariably polite, Wolfgang Pauli was invariably rude.