A good place to start is with the biographies available at of on the National Archives website. Guide the students in answering the questions based on the text; find the meanings of any undefined words. Here, Professor Geoffrey Kellow decries the historical vacuum into which our founding documents have been tossed. But this is wildly misleading. For similar reasons, Lougheed, Lyon, and other premiers insisted on the inclusion of Section 33 in the Charter.
For more complete biographical information, visit the suggested links in the Additional Resources section of these lessons. In 1783, the year the British surrendered control of the eastern third of in the , there were approximately 100,000 American Indians living between the and the Mississippi. Believing that Canada needs a strong federal government to defend and promote national unity, some are by principle reluctant to a decentralization of powers to the provinces. Instead of increasing confidence in Canadian political institutions and the Canadian union, the megaconstitutional reform of 1981 and the aborted attempts at the same in 1987 and 1991 served to undermine Canadians' confidence in their political institutions. Circulate between groups to monitor conversations and guide discussion. Afterward, students will restate the meaning of the text using their own words. Word definition will most likely be the biggest hurdle.
The severe and unforgiving political the Founders were required to run eliminated lukewarm patriots and selected for survival only those leaders with the hard residue of unalloyed resolve. Hamilton is remembered for co-authoring the Federalist Papers, establishing a national banking system, and losing his life in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr. The Fathers believed that issues like these—big government versus small government, public safety versus the rights of the accused—were matters for deliberation in the public arena and the Legislature. The period from 1791 through the 1837 rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada culminating in Lord Durham's Report 1839 was a period of struggle between the intent of 1791 and the reality. Constitution, housed in the National Archives in Washington, D. Circulate among groups monitoring conversations and guiding discussion. Then, as now, Canadian public opinion overwhelmingly favoured Prime Minister Trudeau's brilliant political gambit that played on Canadian patriotism and aspirations to take amendments to the Canadian constitution out of the hands of the British Parliament.
Alexander Hamilton History: Alexander Hamilton. Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of the Man. Obviously, other founding moments and key dates deserve consideration. Today, outside of rare books collections and scholarly libraries, a full recollection of what Confederation built and why is impossible. Yet we have good records of those proceedings. More specifically, how did this backwoods province on the western rim of the Atlantic world, far removed from the epicentres of learning and in London and Paris, somehow produce thinkers and ideas that transformed the landscape of modern politics? Let them struggle with it a bit and remind them of strategies for understanding new vocabulary such as context clues and word structure.
In recent decades Christian groups, prompted by motives that have been questioned by some, have felt a powerful urge to enlist the Founding Fathers in their respective congregations. For more complete biographical information, visit the suggested links in the Additional Resources section of these lessons. Since French Canadians viewed themselves as a distinct nation and wished for this nation to keep existing, many political leaders from Quebec promoted the official recognition of the French language by the federal government and all provincial governments. Eventually they decided to publish a complete set of the debates. Nash, and Ray Raphael, eds. Discussing the Founding Fathers' debates Once all groups have presented, engage students in a discussion of the nature of the debates they dramatized in their readings. A fine copy in dust jacket.
There are other such perspectives. Student groups may change their choice of Key Words as necessary. Share your own questions and difficult words with students. Be sure students understand that this first reading is for them to familiarize themselves with the text. As with the would-be megaconstitutional reformers, the courts, too, persist in ignoring constitutional tradition, including the extensive debates of the founders of the constitution they are re-making. Prime Minister Chrétien 1993-2003 made much of his refusing to engage in anything with a whiff of constitutional reform.
Give each student a copy of the handout with selected quotations from Hamilton and project them for the class to see. Macdonald and Sir George-Etienne Cartier along with various other gentlemen of British and French origins though some may question if they were really genteel. For the aboriginal peoples of Canada, the year 1763 is of paramount importance. What is a coalition government and will it work with Canada's complex democratic structure? The story of Canada's Confederation is a tale of corruption, obscure parliamentary rules, and feuds. One year later, in 1918, women acquired the right to vote. In the periodical Le Canadien, from 1806 till his arrest in 1810, the Lower Canadian parliamentarian and brilliant theorist Pierre Bédard insisted that the best form of government was one that incorporated the monarchic, the aristocratic, and the democratic principles. Benjamin Franklin The Electric Ben Franklin, A Quick Biography.
But historical amnesia being what it is, the twentieth century could only remember a handful of designated founders. Canada is a plural, complex country. Let students share their findings with the class, pointing out how a particular statement differs from an item in the final Constitution or why it now seems rather unusual, irrelevant, or odd. Because students generally enjoy such low-pressure performance, reader's theater stimulates interest in the text under consideration. Is the better state one that embodies these political values, that seeks human flourishing, first, by recognizing its limits, and refuses to extend its jurisdiction to the salvation of souls? He is credited with writing the first ten amendments to the Constitution known as the Bill of Rights. The highly partisan politics of the 1790s further exposed the several fault lines within the founding elite. But the founders saw in John Locke the great philosopher of this parliamentary tradition.
Share these with the whole class and record them on chart paper or other method for recording class responses. Since the rise of the sovereignty movement, this option seems to gather a solid 40% of support among Quebec voters. The reality was elected colonial legislatures dominated by the unelected elites of Upper and Lower Canada. Let them struggle with it a bit and remind them of strategies for understanding new vocabulary such as context clues and word structure. We cannot have either Union or the Dream without the moral knowledge that comes from resisting the perpetuation of historical falsehoods.